HAZARD Database



Chemical Teratogens, Carcinogens, Mutagens


Isopropyl Alcohol


 

 
 HAZARD SUMMARY 
 *    Isopropyl Alcohol can affect you when breathed in and by 
      passing through your skin. 
 *    There is an increased risk of cancer associated with the 
      manufacturing of Isopropyl Alcohol. 
 *    Exposure can cause irritation of the eyes, nose, mouth, and 
      throat. 
 *    Overexposure may cause headaches, drowsiness, clumsiness, 
      unconsciousness, and death. 
 *    Contact may irritate the skin. Repeated skin exposure can 
      cause itching, a rash, and drying and cracking. 
 *    Isopropyl Alcohol is a FLAMMABLE LIQUID and a FIRE HAZARD. 
 
 IDENTIFICATION 
 Isopropyl Alcohol is a colorless liquid. Rubbing alcohol is a 
 solution of Isopropyl Alcohol. It is used as a solvent and in 
 making many commercial products. 
 
 REASON FOR CITATION 
 *    Isopropyl Alcohol is on the Hazardous Substance List because 
      it is regulated by OSHA and cited by ACGIH, DOT, NFPA and EPA. 
 *    This chemical is on the Special Health Hazard Substance List 
      because it is FLAMMABLE. 
 *    Definitions are attached. 
 
 
 HEALTH HAZARD INFORMATION 
 
 Acute Health Effects 
 The following acute (short term) health effects may occur 
 immediately or shortly after exposure to Isopropyl Alcohol: 
 
 *    It may irritate the skin, causing a rash or burning feeling on 
      contact. 
 *    Exposure can irritate the eyes, nose, and throat. 
 *    Overexposure to the vapor may cause headaches, drowsiness, a 
      loss of coordination, collapse, and death. 
 
 Chronic Health Effects 
 The following chronic (long term) health effects can occur at some 
 time after exposure to Isopropyl Alcohol and can last for months or 
 years: 
 
 Cancer Hazard 
 *    There is an increased incidence of nasal sinus cancer in 
      workers involved in the manufacture of Isopropyl Alcohol by 
      the strong acid process. There is no evidence that Isopropyl 
      Alcohol is a carcinogen. 
 
 Reproductive Hazard 
 *    According to the information presently available to the New 
      Jersey Department of Health, Isopropyl Alcohol has not been 
      tested for its ability to adversely affect reproduction. 
 
 Other Long Term Effects 
 *    Skin exposure can cause itching, redness, and rashes in some 
      people. Repeated or prolonged exposure can cause dryness and 
      cracking of skin. 
 *    This chemical has not been adequately evaluated to determine 
      whether brain or other nerve damage could occur with repeated 
      exposure. However, many solvents and other petroleum based 
      chemicals have been shown to cause such damage.  Effects may 
      include reduced memory and concentration, personality  changes  
      (withdrawal, irritability), fatigue, sleep disturbances, 
      reduced coordination, and/or effects on nerves supplying 
      internal organs (autonomic nerves) and/or nerves to the arms 
      and legs (weakness, "pins and needles"). 
 
 
 Common Name: Isopropyl Alcohol 
 DOT Number: UN 1219 
 DOT Emergency Guide code: 26 
 CAS Number: 67-63-0 
 ---------------------------------------- 
 Hazard rating         NJ DOH  NFPA 
 FLAMMABILITY            -       3 
 REACTIVITY              -       0 
 ---------------------------------------- 
 POISONOUS GASES ARE PRODUCED IN FIRE 
 CONTAINERS MAY EXPLODE IN FIRE 
 ---------------------------------------- 
 Hazard Rating Key: 0=minimal; 1=slight; 2=moderate; 3=serious; 
 4=severe 
 
 
 PHYSICAL DATA 
 
 Vapor Pressure:     33 mm Hg at 68oF (20oC) 
 Flash Point:           53oF (11.6oC) 
 Water Solubility:   Miscible 
 
 OTHER COMMONLY USED NAMES 
 
 Chemical Name: 
 2-Propanol 
 
 Other Names and Formulations: 
 Rubbing Alcohol; Dimethylcarbinol; Isopro panol; sec-Propyl 
 Alcohol. 
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 Not intended to be copied and sold for commercial purposes. 
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 NEW JERSEY DEPARTMENT OF HEALTH 
 Right to Know Program 
 CN 368, Trenton, NJ 08625 0368 
 ------------------------------------------ 
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 ECOLOGICAL INFORMATION 
 
 Isopropyl alcohol is a clear, flammable liquid with numerous uses.  
 It is used in antifreeze; as a solvent for gums, shellac and 
 essential oils; in quick-drying inks and oils; in cosmetics such as 
 body rubs, hand lotions and after-shave lotions; and to make other 
 chemicals.  It may enter the environment from industrial 
 discharges, municipal waste water treatment discharges, or spills. 
 
 ACUTE (SHORT-TERM) ECOLOGICAL EFFECTS 
 
 Acute toxic effects may include the death of animals, birds, or 
 fish, and death or low growth rate in plants.  Acute effects are 
 seen two to four days after animals or plants come in contact with 
 a toxic chemical substance. 
 
 Isopropyl alcohol has slight toxicity to aquatic life.  
 Insufficient data are available to evaluate or predict the short- 
 term effects of isopropyl alcohol to plants, birds, or land 
 animals. 
 
 CHRONIC (LONG-TERM) ECOLOGICAL EFFECTS 
 
 Chronic toxic effects may include shortened lifespan, reproductive 
 problems, lower fertility, and changes in appearance or behavior.  
 Chronic effects can be seen long after first exposure(s) to a toxic 
 chemical. 
 
 Isopropyl alcohol has slight chronic toxicity to aquatic organisms.  
 Insufficient data are available to evaluate or predict the long- 
 term effects of isopropyl alcohol to plants, birds, or land 
 animals. 
 
 WATER SOLUBILITY 
 
 Isopropyl alcohol is highly soluble in water.  Concentrations of 
 1,000 milligrams and more will mix with a liter of water. 
 
 DISTRIBUTION AND PERSISTENCE IN THE ENVIRONMENT 
 
 Isopropyl alcohol is slightly persistent in water, with a half-life 
 of between 2 to 20 days.  The half-life of a pollutant is the 
 amount of time it takes for one-half of the chemical to be 
 degraded.  About 77.5% of isopropyl alchohol will eventually end up 
 in water; the rest will end up in the air. 
 
 BIOACCUMULATION IN AQUATIC ORGANISMS 
 
 Some substances increase in concentration, or bioaccumulate, in 
 living oranisms as they breathe contaminated air, drink 
 contaminated water, or eat contaminated food.  These chemicals can 
 become concentrated in the tissues and internal organs of animals 
 and humans. 
 
 The concentration of isopropyl alcohol found in fish tissues is 
 expected to be about the same as the average concentration of 
 isopropyl alcohol in the water from which the fish was taken. 
 
 SUPPORT DOCUMENT:   AQUIRE Database, ERL-Duluth, U.S. EPA, 
                     Phytotox. 
 
 
For detasils See:TRIFact DB